Sociolinguistic implications on perception
This investigation examined the interplay of sociolinguistic and phonetic factors on the perception of the posterior /r/ in Puerto Rican Spanish. Delgado-Díaz and Galarza (2015) previously found that the contrast between the posterior /r/ and /h/ tends to be lost in post-pausal position and maintained in intervocalic position. The present investigation found that the perception of the posterior /r/ is influenced by the phonological context, as well as the speaker’s age and sex, reflecting the production patterns and attitudes associated with the posterior /r/ (Graml, 2009). Our results suggest that social cues become more relevant when there is greater phonetic overlap. In addition, our data support the claim that social factors influence speech perception (Drager, 2010).