Cognitive neurosciences and cognitive translation studies
Cognitive translation studies has made great strides in recent decades. Thediscipline has engaged more deeply with the cognitive sciences, integrating thestudy of mental processes into its understanding of the translation task. Theinformation processing paradigm has been a mainstay of the conceptual frameworkof the cognitive sciences and has also been wholeheartedly adopted bycognitive translation scholars. However, we have really only focused on investigatingtwo of the three “levels” of cognitive information processing identified byMarr (1982): the computational (task) level and the algorithmic/representational(mental processing) level. We are only now just beginning to study the implementationlevel where mental processing during the translation task engageswith neural structures and arrays – the domain of cognitive neuroscience. Thischapter investigates some important issues in cognitive translation studies fromthe perspective of the information processing paradigm and the “implementation”level where translation is enacted in neuronal arrays. It also emphasizesnew research directions and points out the potential problems and opportunitiesof collaboration between translation science and cognitive neuroscience.