Anton Marty’s philosophy of language and his dialogue with linguists
Marty (1847–1914), a Swiss pupil of the philosopher Franz Brentano, was called to the German University in Prague in 1880. According to Brentano’s ‘empirical standpoint’, he devoted a great deal of his philosophy of language to descriptive semasiology. His model intertwines general grammar, logic and psychology. Two case studies are considered: the theory of judgment vs. sentences without subjects, and the theory of relationships vs. case theories. He wishes to establish agreement with linguists he feels close to, both because of their knowledge of linguistic facts and rules and because they, too, are keen on the enquiry regarding language functions and invariant structures – which remains a desirable objective.