On the status of derived affricates in Arabic dialects

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Arabic dialects vary as to the presence of affricates in their phonemic inventory. Many dialects, such as San’ani Arabic, have only the voiced palato-alveolar affricate /d͡ʒ/; others, like Baghdadi have two (/d͡ʒ/ and /t͡ʃ/), and still other dialects, such as Cairene, lack affricate phonemes altogether. Although dialects differ on the presence of underlying affricates, many have derived affricates. These arise when the alveolar stop /t/ and the fricative /ʃ/ come together over a morpheme boundary or as a result of vowel deletion. In this paper we explore the phonological patterning of the derived sequence [t+ʃ] as a single affricated segment or as a bisegmental sequence. We examine the evidence from three dialects. San’ani, Cairene, and Iksal (a Palestinian variety) and show that its patterning differs among the dialects.


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