On the syntax of exceptive constructions in Egyptian Arabic*
The goal of this paper is twofold: First, it provides a descriptive account of the syntactic properties of Egyptian Arabic exceptive phrases headed by the particle ʔillaa. Second, it proposes an analysis of these syntactic properties in terms of Hoeksema’s (1987) seminal distinction between connected exceptives (CEs) and free exceptives (FEs). More specifically, CEs are argued to be coordinated DPs within a mono-clausal structure, whereas FEs are argued to be coordinated CPs which undergo ellipsis. The analysis is shown to account for the distribution of exceptive phrases in the language, and is supported by empirical facts related to cases of non-elliptical FEs, similarities with ellipsis phenomena, occurrence of speaker-oriented adverbials, and effects of the parallelism constraint on FEs.