The embodied sources of purpose expressions in Latin
This chapter examines the phrasal means of encoding the semantic role of purpose in Latin. After discussing the notion of semantic role and its use in cognitive linguistics, we illustrate the conceptual relation between the notional domains of space and causation. On this basis, we analyze the source of purpose expressions in Latin, which are mainly based on direction (bare dative and the allative markers, i.e. <i>ad</i>/<i>in</i> + accusative), but also include prepositional phrases metaphorically derived from location (e.g. <i>per</i> + accusative, <i>prō</i> + ablative, <i>propter</i> + accusative), or metonymically spreading from reason to purpose (as in the case of causal markers such as genitive + <i>causā</i> and <i>gratiā</i>).