Pejoration in contact

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This paper analyses examples of pejoration in the dynamic multilinguals setting of urban German, and their possible Turkish sources. The focus of our investigation is on pejorative functions of<i> m</i>-reduplication (&#8220;Cola Mola&#8221;). In addition, we discuss usages of &#8220;Scherz&#8221;/&#8220;Spa&#223;&#8221; &#8216;joke, fun&#8217; in urban German, as well as their Turkish counterpart &#8220;&#351;aka&#8221;, as markers that cancels the performative force of a preceding utterance and can thus bring about <i>depejoration</i>, the cancellation of initial pejoration. We show that the pejoration involved in our examples is pattern-based rather than linked to individual evaluative elements, and account for this as &#8220;constructional pejoration&#8221;. Interestingly, the patterns we find here are not exclusively pejorative, but can also support such concepts as amplification, &#8216;coolness&#8217;, and ludic aspects, putting a spotlight on links between pejoration and other cognitive domains. We model these links in a network of systematic conceptual relationships and pragmatic inferences.


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