The Relation between Prosody and Syntax: The case of different types of Left-Dislocations in Spanish
This paper sheds new light on the validity of claims in the syntactic literature concerning the prosody of (a) <i>hanging topic left-dislocations (HTLDs)</i>, (b) <i>clitic left-dislocations (CLLDs) </i>and (c)<i> left-dislocations without a resumptive pronoun</i> in Spanish. It is typically assumed that HTLDs but not CLLDs are obligatorily marked by a pause. However, the results of a production experiment show that these constructions have similar intonational patterns. LDs are tonally realized by a rising nuclear configuration and may be followed by a pause (more often in HTLDs than in the other constructions, however). A sharp contrast exists between HTLDs in interrogatives and declaratives; only the former are obligatorily realized with a pause and may have a low edge tone.