At the dawn of simultaneous interpreting in the USSR
This chapter provides new evidence on the invention of simultaneous interpreting(SI) in the 1920s using records from Russian archives discovered by thisauthor. SI was first implemented in the USSR in 1928, which coincided with the first full-scaleuse of SI at the International Labor Organization (ILO) in Geneva. Languageproblems of the era due to the declining use of French and waste oftime associated with consecutive interpreting (CI) required a new solution,which was SI, proposed by E. Filene in the West and Dr. Epshtein in the USSR.Epshtein’s three-interpreter method was perfected by engineer Goron andimplemented at the 6th Comintern Congress in 1928. Finally, interpreters/translators’ profiles and working conditions in the 1930s are described briefly.