The verbal form V-ā in Hindi/Urdu

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Although the term aorist has not been frequently used in the various grammars of Hindi, and the current label for the simple past is now “perfective”, the simple form used for the narrative past has a unique position within the global TAM system, as well as in the indicative paradigm. It displays the standard meanings usually associated to the aorist, and some of its specific meanings can help better describe this linguistic category. Distinct both from the perfective and from the perfect, it conveys the aspectual and temporal meaning of an anterior event, of eventual, gnomic present, anticipation, treated in the study within a topological and enunciative frame. The historical evolution of the verbal paradigm partially accounts for its present form and function; it also explains why it has come to convey mirative meanings, rather than the perfect.


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