Language and emotion

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In this article, the relationship between language and emotion is explainedwithin the theoretical framework of the critical cognitive linguistic approach.According to cognitive linguists both emotion and language are seen as complexmental systems consisting of different knowledge subsystems that interact inmanifold ways. First, the paper discusses some fundamental issues concerninglanguage, cognition and emotion, giving an outline of some areas of recentcognitive linguistic research. The focus is on the characterization of emotionas the evaluative mental system within our cognitive apparatus. Some crucialmethodological and theoretical considerations with regard to the relationshipof language and emotions are outlined. The paper then concentrates on theanalysis of the affective potential in text and discourse. Accounting for the largerange of linguistic features that serve to express emotion and evaluation, it isshown that feelings and judgments can be conveyed explicitly, through lexicalitems and grammatical structures or implicitly, through ideational meanings.Implicitly conveyed evaluations have to be inferred by drawing specific emotiveimplicatures. Such e-implicatures depend on emotional representations that arebased on culturally shaped encyclopedic knowledge. In those cases, the utteranceis articulated in order to give an affective judgment about the referent orstate-of-affairs in question and reveals the attitude of the speaker.


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