Affective and internal state language in high-functioning autism
The present chapter investigates differences between children with highfunctioning autism (HFA) and children with typical development (TD) in theability to verbalize internal states. First, we provide an overview of researchon emotion recognition and theory of mind in HFA. We then report a studycomparing internal state language (ISL) in children with HFA and TD. ISL wasassessed via two word fluency tasks and via descriptions of video sequences(“animated shapes”-task). Findings suggest that the use of ISL in HFA is similarto that of TD peers. Participants with HFA were able to generate, associate undapply words for internal states. Apparently, children with HFA exhibit adequatelinguistic devices to express emotions and other internal states, at least inexperimental settings.