The X0 syntax of “dative” clitics and the make-up of clitic combinations in Gallo-Romance
This contribution focuses on the morphosyntax of third person dative clitics in Gallo-Romance. The first part addresses the morphology of clitic elements: in GalloRomance, third person datives can be expressed by an etymological form <i>li(s)</i> deriving from Lat <i>illi(s)</i> or by various kinds of non-etymological formatives, e.g. sg. <i>lui</i>, <i>y</i>, <i>lou</i>; pl. <i>leur</i>, <i>yz</i>, <i>lous</i>, <i>lous-y</i>, <i>les-y</i>, etc. I hypothesize that the above forms lexicalize different portions of the same functional hierarchy. The second part of the chapter focuses on the behaviour of third person dative clitics when combined with another third person clitic. In this context, (Gallo-)Romance varieties exhibit a number of irregularities and two possible orders: accusative > datives (as in both old and modern French), or dative > accusative (as in many French vernaculars). Moreover, in both medieval and present-day dialects, the accusative clitic is frequently dropped when clustered with a third person dative clitic. I wonder about a possible correlation between the morphology of the dative clitic and the make-up of clitic combinations.