The cartography of <i>yes</i> and <i>no</i> in West Flemish*
We make an in-depth study of the response particles <i>ja/nee</i> (‘yes/no’) in the Lapscheure dialect of Dutch. These particles show overt phi-feature marking corresponding to what would be the subject of a response clause. Additionally, in ‘reversal answers’, the particles bear additional morphology. We develop a cartographic analysis, arguing that <i>ja/nee</i> represent TP proforms (Krifka 2013). We analyze the pronominal marking as a reflex of phi-features which are merged in Fin to satisfy the Subject Criterion (Rizzi & Shlonsky 2007). We argue that this analysis accounts for a number of facts concerning the distribution of <i>ja/nee</i>, including their incompatibility with (most) clausemate material, and the co-occurrence restrictions between <i>ja/nee</i>, the discourse particle <i>ba</i>, and ‘reversal <i>doet</i>’ (Van Craenenbroeck 2010).