The cartography of <i>yes</i> and <i>no</i> in West Flemish&#42;

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We make an in-depth study of the response particles <i>ja/nee</i> (&#8216;yes/no&#8217;) in the Lapscheure dialect of Dutch. These particles show overt phi-feature marking corresponding to what would be the subject of a response clause. Additionally, in &#8216;reversal answers&#8217;, the particles bear additional morphology. We develop a cartographic analysis, arguing that <i>ja/nee</i> represent TP proforms (Krifka 2013). We analyze the pronominal marking as a reflex of phi-features which are merged in Fin to satisfy the Subject Criterion (Rizzi &#38; Shlonsky 2007). We argue that this analysis accounts for a number of facts concerning the distribution of <i>ja/nee</i>, including their incompatibility with (most) clausemate material, and the co-occurrence restrictions between <i>ja/nee</i>, the discourse particle <i>ba</i>, and &#8216;reversal <i>doet</i>&#8217; (Van Craenenbroeck 2010).


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