Chapter 4. Analyzing political discourse: Method, implementation and data
The aim of this chapter is to clarify the method and approach used in this workto show which governmental discourses might dominate the political sphere inthe form of hegemonic projects and how they are operationalized. This aim canbe realized with the help of contemporary ideas on political discourse analysis.As Reisigl (2008) points out, classical rhetorical genre theory distinguishes threeforms of oratory – judicial, deliberative and epideictic. Setting judicial oratoryaside to focus on discourse in politics, the deliberative genre relates to differingviews about political decisions in the ancient public sphere and the epideicticgenre focuses on the verbalization of political values and consent. But this distinctionis insufficient to understand the current dynamics of political texts. Theclassical genre-theoretical framework is still relevant to determine whether politicalspeeches belong to the deliberative or epideictic genres. This distinctionhelps to determine the function of a political speech. But a transdisciplinarypolitico-linguistic approach is still needed to combine rhetoric, political scienceand discourse analysis for a more comprehensive analysis.