Literacy and language instruction
Flathead Salish, a critically endangered language spoken by dwindling numbers of first language speakers from the Confederated Salish and Kootenai Tribes in Montana, USA, is the object of collaborative efforts at language revitalization. Often such efforts rely on traditional categories of language from which to base dictionaries, pedagogical grammars, and language textbooks for heritage learners, both children and adults. Missing from most revitalization efforts is the analysis of conceptual metaphors that could support language and literacy revitalization by supporting the semantic and pragmatic underpinnings of the language and potentially reducing calquing by heritage learners, or at the very least, alerting learns to its occurrences. Consequently, this study fills a gap by describing 19 metaphors, comparing them to English, and illustrating possible task-based language teaching approaches for their use.