Nation-State Building in a Rising China

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This chapter studies how nation-state is built through discourse evolution incontemporary China. I consider discourse as an ensemble of concepts of anideology bespoken by a collection of defining terms, words and expressions,in relevant texts. Adopting both constructive and deconstructive approachesto discourse, I will focus on the analysis of the occurrence and use of two newterms, the national common language (guojia tongyong yuyan) and globalpromotion of Chinese (hanyu guoji tuiguang), in China since 2000. I will argue,since these key terms play a core role as indicators of power relations in theproduction of a new ideology (Laclau and Mouffe 1985; van Dijk 1997, 17–34),that these changes in Chinese official and public discourses redefine China as anew nation-state and prepare a rising China for the battle for its linguistic andcultural hegemony both domestically and globally (see Stambach 2015).


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