The adaptation of /h/ in Old French loanwords
Contact between Old French and three /h/-bearing varieties of Germanic (i.e. Frankish, Old East Scandinavian, Middle Dutch) transpired in present-day Normandy and Belgium from the early 8th to the late 14th century. During this period, an influx of Germanic loanwords entered Old French, restoring phonemic /h/. In this study, we assemble an exhaustive dataset of Old East Scandinavian and Middle Dutch loans containing /h/, track the different adaptation strategies into Old French and examine them in terms of current models of loanword phonology.