The Genetics of Specific Language Impairment (SLI)
Specific language impairment (SLI) is diagnosed when a child has major problemsin learning to talk and/or understand language, despite showing normaldevelopment in all other areas (Bishop 2006). In this chapter we will discussrecent research on the genetics of SLI. We will introduce methods used inhuman genetics and describe studies in which these methods were applied. Wewill discuss how emerging genetic technologies may be used to investigate themolecular basis of neurodevelopmental disorders and elucidate the biologicalmechanisms influencing linguistic traits.