Word order variation in Hungarian PPs

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This paper proposes a syntactic account of the variation Hungarian case assigning adpositions exhibit in their word order and extraction properties. The empirical generalization is that if a P allows the prepositional word order then it can also be stranded by its complement and it also has a particle use, but not vice versa. We suggest that some Ps are inserted in the Place/Path head and cannot move higher. Ps allowing the particle use and P-stranding are inserted in a higher head, namely <i>p</i>. The particle use and P-stranding involve PlaceP/PathP extraction from <i>p</i>P, separating the adposition from its complement. PlaceP/PathP and <i>p</i>P are head-final. A subset of Ps inserted in <i>p</i> may move into a higher, left-headed projection, deriving a prepositional order. We also account for the fact that some case assigning Ps may appear without a complement. We suggest that this is due to a difference in the licensing of deictic <i>here/there</i> complements, which may remain silent: those Ps have a seemingly intransitive use that allow <i>here/there</i> as their complement.


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