Participation frameworks and participation in televised sitcom, candid camera and stand-up comedy
In order to reconstruct the participation frameworks of three TV comedy subgenres,this article follows the common differentiation into the fictitious characters’communication and the discourse between a comedy’s production crewand the television audience. The TV viewer is conceptualised as the central andratified empirical recipient. At the same time, it is argued that a fictitious overhearer’sposition is created for her/him on the level of the characters’ communication,using camera position, sound and other technical means. Participationframeworks are reconstructed for sitcom, candid camera and stand-up comedy,which differ considerably from each other and are definitive for their respectivesub-genre. Some manipulations of the basic constellations are also analysed,including meta-humour.