The morphological, syntactic and semantic interface of the verb GIVE in Lithuanian

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Lithuanian is one of the Baltic languages and has complex word relations in a sentence. GIVE is one of the verbs that illustrate the interrelatedness between morphological functions, syntactic restrictions and semantics. The analysis includes an overview of the verb’s GIVE meanings, outlines morphological restrictions, presenting the morpho-semantic interface discussing word prefixation and suffixation, referring to Ambrazas (2006) and Holvoet and Semenienė (2004). Thereafter, the most common syntactic patterns are established revealing the complexity of the Lithuanian phrase and sentence formation. This study reviews the issues of cases, specifically genitive and accusative cases of the noun which appeared as a theme and the semantic meaning transfer using these cases in simple sentences. Role and Reference Grammar was adapted for the analysis of the examples with the simplified logical structure.


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