Word Order in Time
This study explores the temporal dynamics of subject-predicate word order in the verbal clauses of spoken narrative Hebrew discourse. Contrary to previous claims (Glinert 1989), word order is shown to be rather fixed, with only 57 tokens of the VNs construction in a 6.5 hour corpus. They are employed to introduce a protagonist/referent, to index a major shift in narrative flow, or to end a complication episode/narrative (Labov 1972) by resolving it and/or formulating its climax. Prosodic patterns are shown to strongly correlate with syntactic patterns. Constraints of temporal dynamics at clause-level syntax (syntactic projections, Auer 2005) along with the motivation to enhance audience involvement (Tannen 1989), result in the emergence of Hebrew as an (Ns)V/VNs Alternating language (Hopper 1987b).