Epistemic/evidential markers of the type verb + complementizer

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English and Romance possess a particularly interesting way of expressing evidentiality and epistemicity, namely markers involving a verb of saying, knowing, or seeming followed by a complementizer (Verb&#43;C), as Spanish <i>dizque</i>, Galician <i>seica</i>, and English <i>looks like</i>. In this chapter we consider the parallels between the English and the Romance formations and describe them as resulting from processes of grammaticalization and (inter)subjectification. We show that in their development these Verb&#43;C epistemic/evidential markers undergo decategorialization, morphosyntactic fixation, and fusion, and acquire new semantico-pragmatic functions, encoding subjective meanings such as evidentiality and epistemic stance. The study of these Verb&#43;C markers contributes to broader theoretical discussions about the predictive power of grammaticalization and about the origin of clausal parentheticals.


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