Is there a vocative case
in the Övdalian language?
This paper argues that Övdalian has the vocative case. Although the system of the four standard cases is not as strong as it used to be, there is a set of vocative forms that are still commonly used today, although they are restricted to a few categories of words. The system is not the one inherited from Proto-Indo-European, but must be a later innovation. However, there are interesting similarities between Övdalian and other languages, suggesting universal tendencies for the vocative category.