The world is raining
The peculiar semantic properties of meteorological predicates have linguisticconsequences. Some of these consequences concern their subjects, which do notbehave like prototypical subjects do. Meteorological predicates often lack a subject,and in the languages where they do have subjects they are non-referential,non-topical, indefinite, inanimate or non-agentive entities. They are typicallyeither expletive elements or lexical elements referring to the spatial, temporalor atmospheric background, i.e. elements which would otherwise have beenencoded as adverbial phrases. Although the nominative – or some other kind ofzero marking – and default agreement marking (3rd person, singular number,neuter gender) are typical of these subjects, the study argues that they displayspecial behavior which distinguishes them from canonical cases.