Adpositional constructions of location and motion in Dutch
In traditional grammar, constructions of location and motion are standardly considered as adverbial adjuncts, i.e. as constituents that do not belong to the nuclear or core elements of the clause. However, in Dutch, as in many other languages, there are different classes of verbal predicates which require the presence of a location or motion constituent in order to yield a grammatical clause. Since these obligatory constituents are manifestly part of the verbal valency frame, the authors call them <i>location</i> and <i>motion objects</i>. The combination of the criterion of (non-)optionality and that of substitutability with pronominal or adverbial elements leads to the tripartition between adjunct, object and predicate complement. This distinction is further shown to pattern with different word order restrictions.