Non-past copular markers in Turkish

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The present paper aims to investigate non-past copular markers in modern Standard Turkish from a comparative point of view. The following markers are analysed by taking into account their semantic, discursive and clausal properties as a whole: (1) the simple subject markers of pronominal type, including the zero realization in third person; (2) the enclitic -<i>DIr</i> developed from a verbal copular predication; (3) the copular markers <i>olur</i> and <i>oluyor</i> consisting of the verb <i>ol</i>- &#8216;to be(come)&#8217; and the non-past forms <i>-</i>(<i>V</i>)<i>r</i> or <i/>(<i>&#216;</i>)<i>Iyor</i>, respectively. The underlying research questions are: (1) What semantic contents are inherently denoted by the respective copular strategies&#63; (2) Are there any preferences and/or restrictions in the combinability of these copular markers with subject and predicate nouns, as well as with other clausal elements&#63; (3) Is there any distributional relation between the copular markers and the semantic types of their copular clauses&#63; (4) What are the discursive and pragmatic properties of these copular forms&#63; The analysis suggests that the enclitic -<i>DIr</i> functions as a propositional stance marker, while <i>olur</i> and <i>oluyor</i> mainly operate on predicational level, though they occur as stance markers in special pragmatic constellations.


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