Language variation and education
Studies on World Englishes focus on variations in the use, meanings and structures of Englishes as they have evolved in different parts of the world. However, World Englishes is not the only framework used by linguists to study variations in the English language. This chapter introduces a three-dimensional framework of language variation that allows us to place the various traditions of studying language variation in relation to each other. The chapter then considers the implications of studying language variation in educational contexts, using the three-dimensional model. In doing so, the chapter examines how language variation operates in Pakistani English language textbooks at a discursive level and discusses the implications of these variations.