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Apophony and chiming words in Malay

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Abstract

This paper studies a special pattern of reduplication in Malay: chiming words (Bador 1964). This construction is characterized by vowel alternations as in untang-anting &#8216;swinging&#8217;. In our analysis, the chiming words tend to form a 4 vowels relation between the base and its reduplicant. The apophonic path, <i>&#216; &#8594; i &#8594; a &#8594; u</i>, proposed by Guerssel and Lowenstamm (1996) links the vowels inside each word from right to left, <i>a &#8594; u untang, i &#8594; a anting</i>, and the same relation holds for vowels in the right word and the left <i>a &#8594; u untang-anting, i &#8594; a untang-anting</i>. When the apophonic relation is not part of the base, then the chiming is reduced to the last apophonic vowel.

References

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