Reduplication strategies in Kallawaya

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Reduplication is not a major word formation process in Kallawaya, a mixed and secret language of Bolivia. Most reduplicative constructions resemble compounding in that two (nominal) stems are linked. However, Kallawaya also has a number of (in the Andean sphere) less common formal and functional reduplication features, such as e.g. ‘phrasal reduplication’ and the expression of associative qualities. In the present paper, I will describe full and partial reduplication in Kallawaya, arguing that the latter is possibly grammaticalized. Further, I will also discuss iconic and less iconic functions of reduplication in Kallawaya. Keywords: mixed language; secret language; reduplication; associative qualities; semantic lexicalizations


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