Chapter 12. Innovations and archaisms in Siberian Turkic spatial case paradigms
Case systems in Siberian Turkic are an excellent example for studying paradigm change between continuity and innovation. In spite of all shared and individual innovations and developments, the core of the Proto-Turkic case paradigm remains stable here. Most innovations in Turkic case paradigms of individual languages depend on the existence of the paradigms and can be seen as attempts to restore their stability and functionality. In this article, we present several case studies on innovations and archaisms in Siberian Turkic case paradigms, in particular those of Yakut, Khakas, Shor, Altay, Tofa and Tuvan, concentrating on spatial case forms in these languages: in their inventories of case forms, and in their functions. Based on contemporary and historical data of these languages, as well as on Old Turkic material, we try to trace the sources of genuine innovations and of those that are, in fact, archaic features preserved here. In order to diagnose copied patterns we consider data from neighboring languages.