From semantic roles to evaluative markers. The dative and affected possessors

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This paper targets the phenomenon of non valence-governed datives of affectedness linked to possession. By adopting a constructional approach based on Goldberg (1995) and a revision of Raineri and Evola (2008), I work out a grid that may be adopted for cross-linguistic purposes. By applying this model to German, French and Italian, I show that the latter language, contrary to the two former ones has thoroughly grammaticalized this function. I also propose a tentative account of the grammaticalization paths that may have led to the heterogeneous behavior of the languages under discussion with respect to this construction. Keywords: Construction Grammar; Dative; Beneficiary; Maleficiary; Affectedness; Grammaticalization


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