The development of standard negation in Quechua

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This paper provides a discussion on the development of standard negation in Quechua languages. The analysis of the current variation leads to the detection of at least three main standard patterns across Quechua varieties. The diversification of the standard pattern is assumed to be due to the introduction of the non-factual clitic -<i>chu</i> in the negative sentence. I suggest that this was the beginning of a cycle of negation in the Quechua language family. The negative cycle, called the Jespersen Cycle, then followed the next phases with the grammaticalization of the new incomer allowing first bipartite negation and finally single negation again. Notably, this negative cycle involved no weakening of the sort assumed by Jespersen to have played an important role in such changes. Keywords: single negation; bipartite negation; Jespersen Cyclel standard negation


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