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Chapter 5. A data-driven analysis of the structure type ‘man–nature relationship’ in Romanian*

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Abstract

The Romanian tri-nominal juxtaposition structure <i>rela&#200;&#8250;ie om &#8211; natur&#259;</i> &#8216;man-nature relationship&#8217; is cross-linguistically widespread and typical of a series of relational nouns, such as <i>agreement</i>, <i>interaction</i>,<i> </i>and<i> mixture</i>, which can have a &#8220;compound&#8221; expansion (<i>Canada</i>&#8211;<i>U.S. agreement, parent</i>&#8211;<i>child interaction, air</i>&#8211;<i>water mixture, </i>etc.). Our analysis is twofold: we first examine the grammatical relationship between <i>rela&#200;&#8250;ie</i> &#8216;relationship&#8217; and <i>om &#8211; natur&#259;</i> &#8216;man&#8211;nature&#8217;, and second the construction <i>om &#8211; natur&#259;</i>. On the basis of data from a large Romanian newspaper corpus, we show that the &#8220;compound&#8221; construction <i>om &#8211; natur&#259;</i> is in fact a free phrase; we call it a Relational Coordination Construction (RCC). It usually embodies valency complements of a relational noun, and it semantically implies reciprocity. The analysis adopts a non-transformational, data-driven perspective within the Construction Grammar framework.

References

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