Chapter 5. A data-driven analysis of the structure type ‘man–nature relationship’ in Romanian*
The Romanian tri-nominal juxtaposition structure <i>relaÈ›ie om – natură</i> ‘man-nature relationship’ is cross-linguistically widespread and typical of a series of relational nouns, such as <i>agreement</i>, <i>interaction</i>,<i> </i>and<i> mixture</i>, which can have a “compound” expansion (<i>Canada</i>–<i>U.S. agreement, parent</i>–<i>child interaction, air</i>–<i>water mixture, </i>etc.). Our analysis is twofold: we first examine the grammatical relationship between <i>relaÈ›ie</i> ‘relationship’ and <i>om – natură</i> ‘man–nature’, and second the construction <i>om – natură</i>. On the basis of data from a large Romanian newspaper corpus, we show that the “compound” construction <i>om – natură</i> is in fact a free phrase; we call it a Relational Coordination Construction (RCC). It usually embodies valency complements of a relational noun, and it semantically implies reciprocity. The analysis adopts a non-transformational, data-driven perspective within the Construction Grammar framework.