Mirandese in contact with Portuguese
Mirandese is a minority language spoken in Northeastern Portugal, on the Portuguese‑Spanish border. In this chapter, the <i>frontier</i> status of the Mirandese language is examined from different perspectives. First, an overview of the geo-historical context frames the description of the structurally transitional nature of the Mirandese language along the Portuguese‑Mirandese-Spanish continuum. This is followed by a presentation of sociolinguistic data that highlight the fact that Mirandese is, at this stage, a <i>definitively</i>, or even a <i>severely endangered</i> minority language (UNESCO, 2003). To this last effect, available data referring to important vitality indicators are reviewed: trends in number of speakers, shifting patterns of language preferences for different communicative domains, levels of intergenerational transmission, and children’s proficiency in the minority language.