The adverb <i>truly</i> in Present-Day English
In comparison with the semantically and pragmatically related adverbs really,actually and in fact, the adverb truly has been studied much less extensively.One reason for the neglect may be its relatively low frequency. This is obvious ifone consults the British National Corpus (BNC). This article takes a close lookat truly on the basis of a sample of 200 instances from the BNC. It looks at therelative frequency and meaning of the various syntactic patterns in which itoccurs in PDE. Lenker (2007) notes that in her diachronic corpus truly occursas a clause-integrated manner adverb, a clause-integrated emphasiser, a propositionalmodifier, and a discourse marker. The present article compares thesefindings with the usage of truly in PDE. It also examines parallels and differenceswith the adverb really.