Nominal reference and the dynamics of discourse

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In this paper I will address what appear to be some important gaps in thetraditional approach to nominal reference as a cohesion-creating resource:(i) ignoring of relations other than co-referentiality, such as those expressed byquantifying determiners, (ii) neglect of the contribution made by type specificationsto the reference function; (iii) restriction of the type specifications to thoselexically predicated by the NP itself, (iv) discounting of the cumulative build-upof information relating to referential sets and referent classification in the mindof the reader. In the first half of the article, I survey the cognitive instructionsgiven by the main determiner types of NPs: definite versus indefinite identifiers,and relative versus absolute quantifiers. In the second half of the articleI develop and illustrate an alternative analysis of discourse referents that doestake into account elements (i) to (iv).


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