<i>Besides</i> as a connective
This chapter throws new light upon besides as a connective in contemporaryEnglish. Using examples extracted from corpora, we consider how to reconcilethe notions of “tangentiality” and “decisiveness” found in existing descriptionsof its function. After an assessment of the only previous publication fullydevoted to besides, Yeung (2009), we identify two major uses, which we labelobjective and (inter)subjective. The objective use is connected to finality, withbesides marking the last argument in a chain, while the (inter)subjective useinvokes a more (inter)personal viewpoint that trumps the preceding arguments.We also show that such uses were absent in the 19th century. This allows theconclusion that besides developed its distinctive characteristics in relativelyrecent times, predominantly in dialogue.