Sentiment Analysis in Parliamentary Proceedings
This chapter addresses the question whether opinion-mining techniques can successfully be used to automatically retrieve political viewpoints from parliamentary proceedings. Two specific preprocessing tasks were identified and systematically evaluated: automatically determining subjectivity in the publications and automatically determining the semantic orientation of the subjective parts. A corpus of recent parliamentary proceedings was collected and a gold standard annotation was created on both subjectivity and orientation. Following this, a number of models based on subjectivity lexicons and machine-learning algorithms were evaluated. Machine-learning algorithms perform best, but methods based on subjectivity lexicons also provide promising results. Based on these results we can conclude that opinion-mining techniques applied to political data score just as well as the state of the art in other more traditional domains of opinion mining like product reviews and blogs.