The Evidential Basis of Linguistic Argumentation
Currently, one of the methodological debates in linguistics focuses on the question of what kinds of <i>data</i> are allowed in different linguistic theories and what subtypes of data can work as <i>evidence</i> for or against particular hypotheses. The first part of the volume puts forward a methodological framework called the ‘p-model’ that is expected to account for the data/evidence problem in linguistics. The aim of the case studies in the second part is to show how this framework can be <i>applied</i> to the everyday research practice of the working linguist, and how it can increase the <i>effectiveness</i> of linguistic theorising. Accordingly, the case studies exemplify that the p-model can come to grips with diverse <i>object</i>-scientific quandaries in syntax, semantics and pragmatics. The third part includes case studies that illustrate how it copes with <i>meta</i>scientific issues such as inconsistency in linguistic theories and the relationship between thought experiments and real experiments.