Chapter 2. The p-model of data and evidence in linguistics
The p-model is a metatheoretical approach to linguistic theorising that has been designed to capture the nature of linguistic data and evidence in an unorthodox and novel, but well-motivated and effective way. Its starting point is the insight that the latest literature on linguistic data and evidence acknowledged the <i>uncertainty</i> of the latter as their key feature. Since the main characteristic of <i>plausible inferences</i> is that they facilitate drawing conclusions from uncertain premises, and since chains of plausible inferences constitute the main body of the process of <i>plausible argumentation</i>, the basic idea of the p-model is that the structure of linguistic theories is based on various techniques of plausible argumentation. This chapter summarises the main hypotheses of the p-model, which the case studies in the volume are expected to apply to various linguistic theories.