Inside and outside – Before and after

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Icelandic has four (definite) article &#8211; adjective &#8211; noun patterns. In this paper, I present novel data, and put &#8220;old&#8221; data in a new perspective. I will argue that weakly inflected adjectives (patterns I &#8211; III) are merged <i>inside</i> the DP below the definite article, whereas strongly inflected adjectives (pattern IV) are merged <i>outside</i> DP, at least above the definite article. What distinguishes the weak patterns visibly is whether the adjective/(adjective plus) noun occurs <i>before</i> or <i>after</i> the article. Some researchers surmise that &#8220;non-restrictive adjectives are only direct modifiers and restrictive ones only indirect modifiers&#8221; (Cinque 2010: 140). Strong pattern (IV) adjectives are never restrictive, whereas certain weak adjectives may be. Against expectations, I will argue that weak adjectives in Icelandic are direct modifiers, whereas strong adjectives are indirect modifiers. I suggest that the criterion &#177; restrictive as such may not be relevant to properly characterize Icelandic adjectival patterns.


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