Derivation by gender in Lithuanian
For a long time, grammatical gender has been viewed solely as a feature inherent to nouns and necessary to track agreement between noun and other elements within an utterance (Aikhenvald 2003; Hockett 1958; Corbett 1991). However, since the seminal article of Ritter (1991), other uses and characteristics of gender as an abstract feature have been brought to light. For example, gender has been argued to play a role in numeral classification (Mathieu 2012), or serve as an expression of speaker perspective (Armoskaite & Wiltschko 2012; Gerdts 2011). This study focuses on the role of gender in the derivation of nouns. Based on Lithuanian (Baltic), the paper argues that gender may derive nouns from nouns, adjectives and verbs.