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Repeated dependent clauses in Yurakaré

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Abstract

Yurakaré (isolate, Bolivia) has two constructions, both restricted to narratives, involving repetition of chunks of speech in the form of a dependent clause, marked for switch-reference. In the first construction, tail-head linkage, material from the previous sentence is repeated as a background to the next. The predicate in this repetition is marked for switch-reference. This construction clearly plays a role in structuring information in narratives in several ways. The second construction, called the repeated citation construction, involves a repetition of the predicate of a direct quote, marked with one of the two same-subject markers (realis versus irrealis). I argue that the formal similarities between these constructions relate to discourse-functional similarities, underlining the intimate connection between switch-reference systems and discourse. Keywords: Yurakaré; switch reference; reality status; dependent clauses; tail-head linkage

References

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