Dative-infinitive constructions in Russian

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The article provides a taxonomy of infinitive constructions both without any particles and with the particles <i>ne</i> and <i>li</i>. It takes into account verbal aspect and delineates the semantic limits of each group. The imperfective types Dat &#43; INFIPF and Dat &#43; <i>n&#1077;</i> &#43; INFIPF constitute predictions based upon an omen or conjecture in the first case, and a condition <i>p</i> in the second case. Perfective Dat &#43; <i>n&#1077;</i> &#43; INFPF conveys the Speaker&#8217;s opinion that the Subject is physically unable to perform V. All the constructions with <i>li</i> and <i>n&#1077;</i> &#43; Dat &#43; INFIPF express the Speaker&#8217;s opinion that the Subject, of all people, should or should not, can or cannot, perform V. Questions, their limitations and the effect of aspect are discussed separately. Keywords: dative; infinitive; modality; quasi-synonymy; verbal aspect; predictions


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