The semantic constraints on the verb &#43;<i>zhe</i> nouns in Mandarin Chinese

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The suffix -<i>zhe</i> in Mandarin Chinese can attach to a verb stem to form a verb +<i>zhe </i>‘one who is/does X’ noun. <i>Zhe </i>is compatible with different aktionsarts, but there is a distinct difference in productivity. The verb +<i>zhe </i>nouns adhere to three constraints. First, the semantic completion is obligatory when the verb stems are transitive. Second, the referents of verb +<i>zhe </i>nouns must be human. Third, the verb +<i>zhe </i>nouns are episodically linked to their verb stems. This study aims to capture the interaction of morphological rules and the semantics encoded in the verb +<i>zhe </i>nouns. The distribution of the -<i>zhe</i> nouns in the corpus shows that Activities, Statives, and Achievements are the most productive in the <i>-zhe</i> nouns.


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