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Resultative passives in Finnish

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Abstract

In this article, I argue that Finnish passive participles (e.g. <i>avattu</i> &#8216;opened&#8217; and <i>suljettu</i> &#8216;closed&#8217;) can be multiply ambiguous: the &#8220;same&#8221; morphophonological forms exhibit different patterns of eventivity and agentivity, and are used to form &#8220;traditional&#8221; non-agreeing passives, agreeing resultative passives, and agreeing sentences that describe &#8220;pure&#8221; states and behave in most contexts like traditional copula-adjective constructions. I show that in Finnish, Participle Phrases that look similar on the outside can be formed in different ways, and that these Participle Phrases are selected by different superordinate heads, to form either a non-agreeing passive, an agreeing resultative, or a &#8220;pure&#8221; stative sentence.

References

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