Grammaticalization in the present – The changes of modern Swedish typ*

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In modern Swedish, the word <i>typ</i> has several functions and meanings. Until about 1930 however, <i>typ</i> had only a nominal function &#8211; the other uses of <i>typ</i> have developed during the 20th century. In this article we track the changes of <i>typ</i>, from a noun to a preposition, and then to an adverb and to a discourse particle, by utilizing electronic corpora. The grammaticalization of <i>typ</i> can be followed in great detail, and we argue that this type of language change depends on interaction between syntactic reanalyses and semantic reinterpretations, as suggested by Rosenkvist (2005). It is also demonstrated that <i>typ</i> is a member of a class of taxonomic lexemes particularly prone to grammaticalization, as attested in English, French, Russian and Italian.


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