Two indirect passive constructions in Japanese

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In this study, I examine two indirect passive constructions in Japanese. Indirect passives are also known as &#8220;affective&#8221; passives since a participant in the encoded event is somehow affected. The two indirect passives discussed here crucially differ in the way the participant is affected. It is generally affected negatively with the <i>rare</i>-passive (hence, the &#8220;adversative&#8221; passive). In contrast, it is always affected positively with the <i>morau</i>-passive (hence, the &#8220;benefactive&#8221; passive). On the basis of this difference, I scrutinize the very notion of adversity and examine how the sense of adversity comes about for the <i>rare</i>-passive. I then discuss why adversity never arises for the <i>morau</i>-passive, and a benefactive reading instead obtains.


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